Life Cycle Assessment – in a nutshell:
A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA or Life Cycle Analysis) is a method to calculate the environmental impact of a product over its entire life-cycle. In this context, the term 'product' also includes services.
Taking the entire product life-cycle into consideration – from resource extraction to production, use, and disposal – guarantees an integrated evaluation of all inputs and outputs, thus making sure negative environmental impacts aren't shifted to other life cycle phases of the product.
The methodology is defined in the ISO 14040/14044 standard. For the analysis of the environmental impact all materials, resources and the energy used should be included.
➠ Through an LCA you increase the sustainability of your products!
Types of life cycle assessment:
In literature and practice, there are various forms of life-cycle analysis, differing in scope, objective and products considered:
- Screening LCA: rough estimation and assessment of environmental impacts by considering the most relevant materials and resources using average data.
- Product LCA: descriptive analysis of the environmental performance of an individual product over its entire life cycle.
- Comparative LCA: comparison of different products or product variants. Different processes and production systems can also be compared.
All forms are subject to the same principles and methodologies, which are presented below.
Goals & Methodology
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