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Corporate Carbon Footprint (CCF)

What is a corporate carbon footprint?
A corporate carbon footprint measures the total greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) produced by a company's operations, including direct emissions, indirect emissions from purchased energy, and all other indirect emissions across its value chain. By comprehensively accounting for these emissions, organizations can identify hotspots for improvement and set reduction targets,


Standards for corporate carbon footprints
To ensure consistency and comparability in assessing and reporting greenhouse gas emissions across different organizations, some widely recognized standards have been established such as Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Protocol or ISO 14064. These standards facilitate transparent and reporting, and enable organizations to track their progress toward sustainability goals.


From relevance to requirement - mandatory carbon reporting
CCFs play a pivotal role in sustainability reporting, such as Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) reports and Carbon Disclosure requirements. In addition, certain companies are required to conduct CCFs. For example, the Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD) of the EU requires large companies to disclose information on environmental issues, including greenhouse gas emissions.

McLaren
BMW
Hitachi Enegry
Aunde
Railone
Mercedes-Benz
logitech
Ford
Panasonic
Miele
BD
BR
Adient
Arcelik
Aston Martin
Automotive Lighting
Avient
bsf
Bosch
Caterpillar
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Clariant
Dialog Semiconductors
Denso
dorma
Eberspächer
ElringKlinger
Emerson
Ferrari
Fresenius
Gardena
Geely
General Motors
Hella
Helm
Hipp
Hyundai
ims gear
Ineos
Jabra
Jack Wolfskin
Jaguar
Johnson Controls
kaeser
Kia
Kennametal
Landrover
Lenze
Lotus
lynk
Maclean-Fogg
Mahle
Magna
mbaero
MTU
Neles
Nibe
Nidec
Nissan
Osram
otis
Plixxent
PSA
Raytheon
Rivian
Renault
Renolit
Rexroth
Rosenberger
Worlee
SAIC
sappi
Scania
Schaeffler
Schott
Stadler
Stellantis
Steris
Stoneridge
sumitomo electric wiring systems
TE Connectivity
Telefonica
Thor Industries
Thyssen
Toyota
Trimble
Universal Electronics
Valeo
Veoneer
Volvo
Voith
Xylem
Yanfeng
Zimmer

Benefits of Corporate Carbon Footprinting

Minimize Environmental Impact

By quantifying emissions across operations and supply chains, companies can minimize their environmental footprint, mitigate climate risks, and support global climate efforts.

 

Compliance with Regulations

A growing number of initiatives, such as the EU's CSRD, SEC Climate Disclosure in the US or SECR in the UK, are increasingly obliging companies to measure, disclose and reduce their carbon footprint.

Meet Client Demands

Companies can gain a competitive edge by disclosing carbon emissions. This transparency satisfies demand for sustainability, and builds trust with eco-conscious customers.

 

Improve Reputation

Companies showcasing commitment to environmental stewardship differentiate themselves as industry leaders, earning trust from customers, investors, and the public.

Cost Savings

Identifying emission reduction opportunities and implementing energy-saving measures lower utility costs, cut waste, and streamline processes, boosting profitability and sustainability.

 

Access to Capital

Efforts to reduce GHG emissions enable organizations to increasingly attract investments and investors, secure favorable loan terms, and boost shareholder value.

 

Scopes of Greenhouse Gas Emissions


Understanding the categorization of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions is essential for organizations committed to managing their environmental impact.

The GHG Protocol outlines a framework for categorizing emissions into three scopes.

Scope 1 emissions:
The direct emissions (Scope 1) come from sources owned or controlled by the company, such as fuel combustion, emissions from from on-site fossil fuel combustion for heating or process emissions from chemical reactions, such as those in cement manufacturing.


Scope 2 emissions:
Scope 2 emissions are indirect emissions associated with the generation of purchased energy, heat or steam.


Scope 3 emissions:
Scope 3 emissions are indirect emissions associated with upstream and downstream activities, such as the extraction, production, and transportation of purchased materials or distribution and customer use.

CCF Scopes Chart
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CCFs in Action

Are you interested in learning how companies across various industries calculate their carbon footprints and optimize their climate impact?
 

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Corporate carbon footprint overview

More Information on CCFs

Find out more about CCFs and how you can sustainably reduce greenhouse gas emissions and the climate impact of your company.

Existing standards for calculating a CCF


Two standards have become established worldwide for calculating a corporate carbon footprint:

 

  • GHG Protocol
    The GHG Protocol Corporate Standard, shortening for Greenhouse Gas Protocol Corporate Accounting and Reporting Standard was developed by the World Resources Institute (WRI) and the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) in the 1990s. It provides comprehensive guidance for companies to measure and manage their greenhouse gas emissions. It outlines principles and methodologies for both corporate and product life cycle accounting.
     
  • ISO 14064
    This international standard specifies principles and requirements for quantifying and reporting greenhouse gas emissions but also for the removal of these emissions. It consists of three parts: Part 1 focuses on organizational-level quantification and reporting, Part 2 covers projects for emission reduction or removal enhancements, and Part 3 provides guidance for validation and verification. Thus, ISO 14064 provides the foundation for developing an effective climate strategy.


While the GHG Protocol offers a broader, more flexible framework popular for voluntary disclosures, ISO 14064 provides a structured, standardized approach suitable for certification and compliance purposes.

What is the Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)?


The Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) is a global non-profit organization founded in 2000 in London that helps companies, cities, states, and regions measure and disclose their environmental impact. It provides a comprehensive reporting platform for tracking climate change, water security, and deforestation data. By facilitating transparent reporting and informed decision-making, CDP drives sustainability and encourages organizations to reduce their environmental footprint. Each year, CDP gathers data and information on CO2 emissions, climate risks, and companies' reduction targets and strategies through standardized questionnaires, conducted voluntarily on behalf of investors.
 

Science-Based Targets Initiative (SBTi)


The Science-Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) is a collaborative effort by CDP, the United Nations Global Compact, World Resources Institute (WRI), and the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF). It aims to help companies set greenhouse gas reduction targets that are in line with the latest climate science to limit global warming to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels, with efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C. SBTi provides a clear pathway for businesses to reduce their emissions through scientifically grounded target-setting, fostering greater corporate climate action and accountability.

What is the Climate Registry (TCR)?


The Climate Registry (TCR) is a non-profit organization that provides standardized reporting and verification of greenhouse gas emissions for businesses, governments, and organizations across North America. Established by by U.S. states and Canadian provinces and territories in 2007, TCR aims to promote consistent and transparent measurement of emissions to support climate action and policy development. It offers a comprehensive system for tracking and managing greenhouse gas data, helping entities set emission reduction goals and enhance their sustainability efforts.

Is the disclosure of GHG emissions data mandatory for companies?

The disclosure of greenhouse gas emissions is becoming mandatory for companies in more and more countries around the world. Currently, this requirement exists in about 40 countries, including the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Mexico, Australia, Japan, the European Union, and South Africa. These regulations affect not only domestic companies but often also companies that distribute their products in these countries.

 

Carbon Accounting in Europe

In Europe, all companies listed on an EU-regulated market and capital market-oriented companies, as well as banks, insurance companies and fund management companies (even if not listed on the stock exchange) with 500 employees or more must report on their greenhouse gas emissions for the first time from 2025 for the 2024 financial year under the European Union's Sustainability Reporting Directive (CSRD).

Implemented by the European Commission in November 2022, the CSRD supersedes and enhances the Non-Financial Reporting Directive (NFRD) by introducing more comprehensive reporting criteria and extending the scope of companies required to adhere to them, including scope 3 value chain emissions.
 

Climate-Related Disclosure Rules by SEC (US)

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) has finalized rules, as of March 6, 2024, compelling both domestic and foreign registrants to integrate comprehensive climate-related disclosures into their registration statements and periodic reports. These rules apply to public companies and public offerings.
 

Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) in the UK

The Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) policy, introduced in the UK in April 2019, requires organizations to include data on energy consumption and carbon emissions in their annual reports. The goal is to broaden reporting obligations to a wider range of companies and encourage energy efficiency measures. SECR compliance is mandatory for large enterprises, publicly listed companies, and Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs).

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